ZHONG Sara Hua
鍾華
Associate Professor
Current Research & Teaching Interests
  • Crime and Deviance
  • Sociology of Law
  • Gender Issues
  • Development and Society
Refereed Journal Publications
Forthcoming Xi Chen & Hua Zhong. “Development and Crime Drop: A Time-Series Analysis of Crime Rates in Hong Kong in Last Three Decades.” International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology.
2019 Xia, Yiwei, Tianji Cai, and Hua Zhong.”Effect of Judges’ Gender on Rape Sentencing: A Data Mining Approach to Analyze Judgment Documents.” China Review 19 (2): 125-49.
2018 Shen Yinzhi and Hua Zhong. “Rural-to-Urban Migration and Juvenile Delinquency in Urban China: A Social Control Perspective.” Asian Journal of Criminology 13(3): 207-229.
2018 Zhong, Hua, and Zhang, Yunran. “Establishing and Improving Mechanism against Sexual Harassment in Higher Education Institutions with Reference to Hong Kong.” (in Chinese). People·Rule of Law 2: 92-93.
2018 Jiang, Bin, C. N. S. Mak, Hua, Zhong & C.J. Webster. “From broken windows to perceived routine activities: Examining impacts of environmental interventions on perceived safety of urban alleys.” Frontiers in psychology (9): 2450.
2018 Lin Peng, Yuan Xu, Hua Zhong, Tai Wei Lim, and Fengshi Wu. “Chronic Non-compliance and Ineffective Enforcement in Guangzhou”. China Policy Journal 1(1).
2017 Zhang, Yunran and Hua Zhong. “Drug Use Patterns in China: From Past to Present.” Forensic Science and Addiction Research 1(5): 1-4.
2017 Zhong, Hua, Jianhua Xu and Alex R. Piquero.  “Internal Migration, Social Exclusion, and Victimization: An Analysis of Rural-to-Urban Migrant Workers in China.” Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 54(4): 479-514.
2017 Steffensmeier, Darrell, Hua Zhong and Yunmei Lu. “Age and its relation to crime in Taiwan and United States: Invariant, or Does Cultural Context Matter?” Criminology 55(2):377-404.
2017 Jiang, Bin, Cecilia Nga Sze MAK, Linda LARSEN and Hua ZHONG. “Minimizing the gender gap in perceived safety: Comparing the effects of urban back alley interventions.” Journal of Environmental Psychology 51:117-131.
2016 Celia, C. Lo, Tyrone C. Cheng, Maggie Bohm and Hua Zhong. “Rural-to-Urban Migration, Strain, and Juvenile Delinquency: A Study of Eighth-Grade Students in Guangzhou, China.” International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology online first.
2016 Zhong, Hua and Tuoqian Xu. “Social Science Studies under the Framework of ‘One Belt, One Road’: Hong Kong as an Example” (in Chinese). Hong Kong & Macau Journal 11: 75-81.
2015 Shen, Yinzhi and Hua Zhong. “Testing Social Control Theory: Juvenile Delinquency in Urban China”(in Chinese). Jing Yue Police Journal (Jing Yue Xue Kan) January: 104-112.
2013 Zhong, Hua and Xi Chen. “Crime, Victimization and Criminal Justice Policies in Hong Kong” (in Chinese). Journal of Guangxi University (Philosophy and Social Science) 35:62-86.
2013 Chen, Xi and Hua Zhong. “Delinquency and Crime among Immigrant Youth—an Integrative Review of Theoretical Explanations.” Laws 2: 210-232.
2012 Zhong, Hua. “Social Development and Age-Crime Distributions in Taiwan” (in Chinese). Youth Exploration (Qing Nian Tan Suo) 5: 20-26.
2012 Chen, Xi and Hua Zhong. “Strain, Negative emotions and Delinquency among Migrant Children” (in Chinese). Issues of Juvenile Crime and Delinquency 5: 22-33.
2011 Zhong, Hua, Ming Hu, and Bin Liang.  “Professional and Public Opinions on Criminal
Court Trials in China: A Comparative Study of Chinese Students in PRC and Hong Kong.” Asian Journal of Criminology 6: 191-205.
2011 Meng, Hong and Zhong, Hua. “Being ‘Normal’ or ‘Addictive’: Patterns and Mechanisms of
Internet Use among Adolescents in China” (in Chinese). Youth Exploration (Qing Nian Tan Suo) 6:
54-61.
2010 Kim, DH, Jeong, EJ and Hua Zhong. “Preventive Role of Parents in Adolescent Problematic Internet Game Use in Korea.” Korean Journal of Sociology 44: 111-133.
2009 Zhong, Hua & Jennifer Schwartz. “Exploring Gender-Specific Trends in Underage Drinking Across Adolescent Age Groups and Measures of Drinking: Is Girls’ Drinking Catching Up with Boys’?” Journal of Youth and Adolescence 39(8): 911–926.
2009 Schwartz Jennifer, Darrell Steffensmeier, Hua Zhong and Jeff Ackerman. “Trends in the Gender Gap in Violence: Reevaluating NCVS and other Evidence”. Criminology 47:701-724.
2006 Steffensmeier, Darrell, Hua Zhong, Jeff Ackerman, and Jennifer Schwartz. “Gender Gap Trends in Committing Personal Violent Crimes: A UCR-NCVS Comparison.” Feminist Criminology 1: 72-98.
2006 Lo, Celia and Hua Zhong. “Relationship Factors and Crime Rates: The Use of Gender-Specific Data.” Journal of Criminal Justice 34: 317-329.
2005 Zhong, Hua, Xin Zhao and Lucinda M. Deason-Howell. “Does Gender Matter? Assessing the New
D.A.R.E Program Effects on Mediating Variables across Gender Groups.” Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education 49: 15-25.
2005 Steffensmeier, Darrell, Jennifer Schwartz, Hua Zhong, and Jeffery Ackerman. “An Assessment of Recent Trends in Girls’ Violence Using Diverse Longitudinal Sources: Implications for Normative Versus Constructionist Theories of Crime.” Criminology 43: 355-406.

 

Published Book Chapters
Forthcoming Zhong, Hua & Yunran Zhang. “Social Control of Crime in Asia.” In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice, edited by Andrew Jung. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
2020 Zhong, Hua & Lee, King Wa. “Monitoring Recent Changes of Cross-Border Drug Use and their Implications for Prevention and Control Strategies.” In Hong Kong Basic Law Research 2019, edited by Chao Xi and Hua Zhong. Hong Kong: Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
2019 Zhong, Hua & Judith A. Ryder. “Understanding women’s antisocial and criminal behavior: A global review”. In F. M. Cheung & D.F. Halpern (Eds.), Cambridge International Handbook on Psychology of Women. Cambridge University Press.
2018 Zhong, Hua & Yunran Zhang. “Preventing Cybercrime and Cyberbullying among Youth in China” (in Chinese). In Protecting Chinese Youth in Cyberspace, edited by Survey and Data Center of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. pp.155-176. Beijing: Social Science Academic Press.
2018 Carmen Wong, Anne Scully Hill, Hua Zhong and Irene Ng Wai-Ching. “Chapter 51: Interpersonal
violence-domestic violence” . In Oxford Textbook of Mental Health, ed. by Dinesh Bhugra, Kam Bhui,
Samuel Wong, and Stephen Gilman. Oxford University Press.
2016 Zhong, Hua & Yue Liu. “Crime and Social Control in China” (in Chinese). In Kin Man Chan and
Hua Zhong (eds), Difficult Transformation: Contemporary Chinese Society. HK: The Chinese University
Press.
2014 Cheung, Yuet Wah and Hua Zhong. “Official reactions to crime and drug problems in Hong Kong.”
Pp 295-308, In The Routledge Handbook of Chinese Criminology ed. by Cao Liqun, Ivan Sun and Bill
Hebenton. Oxon, United Kingdom: Routledge.
2014 Chen, Xi and Hua Zhong. “The relationships between substance use and crime” (in Chinese). In
Jianhong Liu et al. (eds.), New Encyclopedia of China against Drugs. Beijing, China: China Law Press.
2012 Lee, King Wa, Wai Ting Cheung and Hua Zhong. “Victimization and risk behaviors among girl-
children”. In Women and girls in Hong Kong: Current Situations and Future Challenges ed. by Susanne
Y P Choi & Fanny M Cheung. pp.265-294. Hong Kong SAR: Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific
Studies, CUHK.
2008 Zhong, Hua. “Chapter 9: Feminism Criminology” (in Chinese). In Liqun Cao and Xin Ren (eds.),
Criminology. Beijing, China: People’s University Press.
2007 Zhong, Hua. “Victim Protection in Domestic Violence: Current Situations and Future Development
in China” (in Chinese). In Hongwei Zhang, Ying Huang and Ruohui Zhao (eds.), Studies on Victim
Protections: 100-119. Beijing: China Court Press.
Other Publications
2020 Xi, Chao & Hua Zhong (ed.). Hong Kong Basic Law Research 2019. Hong Kong: Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies, The Chinese University of Hong Kong.
2016 Chan, Kin Man and Hua Zhong (ed.). Difficult Transformation: Contemporary Chinese Society (in Chinese). Hong Kong: The Chinese University Press.
2011 Zhong, Hua & Hua Guo. “Prison in this Era: A Cross-Cultural Comparison between the Peoples Republic of China and the United States.” Occasional Paper Series, HKIAPS, 215: 1–24. Hong Kong: Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies, CUHK
2007 Zhong, Hua and Yuet-wah Cheung. “A Summary of the International Conference: Crime, Law and Justice in Chinese Societies—Global Challenges and Local Responses” (in Chinese). Journal of the East China University of Political Science and Law 52(3): 159-160.
2006 Zhong, Hua. “Chapter 13: Constitutional Rights and Defenses during Trial” (translation from English to Chinese). In Hongwei Zhang (eds.), Criminal Procedure: Law and Practice: 501-559, originally written by Rolando V. del Carmen. Wadsworth of Thomson and Wuhan University Press.
CONFERENCE PAPERS AND OTHER RESEARCH ACTIVITIES SINCE JOINING CUHK
Zhong, Hua. June 2006. Invited Speaker for an International Workshop organized by School of Law, Guangxi University, China: “Research Methods of Victimology”.
Zhong, Hua. August 2006. Presentation at the Macau Conference on Juvenile Delinquency: “The Effects of Social Development on Juvenile Delinquency: Taiwan as an Example”. Also served as a presider for one of the three sessions.
Zhong, Hua. August 2006. “The Age-Homicide Relationship Across Time: Taiwan vs. the United States.” Presented at the Annual Meeting of American Sociological Association in Montreal, Canada.
Zhong, Hua. December 2006. Initiated and Organized a Panel at Hong Kong Sociological Association Annual Conference: “Crime and Deviance–Latest Issues in Chinese Societies”. Also made a presentation by myself: “Recent Trends in Women’s Violence: A Comparison of Hong Kong and Taiwan.”
Zhong, Hua. August 2007. “Prison in this Era: A Cross-Cultural Comparison between the People’s Republic of China and the United States.” Presented at the Annual Meeting of American Sociological Association in New York, the United States.
Zhong, Hua. December 2008. “The Effects of Development on China Crime Trends.” Presented at the Conference on “Dramatic Changes over the Last Three Decades: Social Influences of the Open-Reform Policy in China”, which was co-organized by Department of Sociology, Fudan University and Department of Sociology, CUHK, and held in Shanghai, China.
Zhong, Hua. November 2009. “Criminal Justice and Self-Help in Contemporary China: Reflections from a study of Chinese Migrant Workers.” Presented at the Annual Conference of the American Society of Criminology in Philadelphia, the United States.
Zhong, Hua. December 2009. “Violent Campus in Xinjiang: Confounding effects of Local Institutions, Regional Geo-Politics, and Globalizing Islamic Ideology.” Presented at the 11th Annual Conference of the Hong Kong Sociological Association.
Zhong, Hua. December 2009. “Coping with Victimization: Self-Help or Other Options?—-A Study of Migrant Workers in an Urban-Village of Guangzhou.” Presented at the Inauguration Conference of Asian Criminological Society in Macau.
Zhong, Hua. July 2010. “The Application of Time Series Analysis in Studying Crime Trends.” Presented at the Conference on “Research Methods in China Studies”, which was organized by the Methodology Committee of the China Sociological Association, and held in Shanghai, China.
Zhong, Hua. July 2010. “Migration and Victimization: A Study of Migrant Workers in Urban-Villages of Guangzhou.” Presented at 2010 International Sociological Association World Congress in Gothenburg, Sweden.
Zhong, Hua. November 2010. “The Effects of Modernization on Crime Trends: China as an Example.” Presented at the Annual Conference of the American Society of Criminology in San Francisco, the United States.
Zhong, Hua. August 2011. “Time-Series Analysis of Female Crime Trends in Taiwan, 1961-2008: Development and Female Offending.” Presented at the 16th World Congress of International Society for Criminology in Kobe, Japan.
Zhong, Hua and Hong Meng. Dec 2011. “Intra- and Extra-family Social Capital and Internet Addiction among Chinese Adolescents.” Presented in the 3rd Annual Conference of Asian Criminological Society, organized by Asian Criminological Society, Taipei, Taiwan.
Zhone, Hua. August 2012. “Stuck in the City: Delinquent Behaviors of Migrant Adolescents in Urban China.” Paper presented in the 4th Annual Conference of Asian Criminological Society, Seoul, Korea.
Zhong, Hua; Huanhua Zhang and Darrell Steffensmeier. Nov 2012. “Social Development & Female Crime Trends: Taiwan as an Example”. Paper presented in the 68th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Criminology, organized by The American Society of Criminology, Chicago, United States.
Zhong, Hua. July 2013. “Poverty, Inequality, and Crime Trends in London and Hong Kong, 1976-2010”. Paper presented in the 2013 Annual Meeting of British Society of Criminology, Wolverhampton, UK.
Li Tianjiao and Hua Zhong. Nov 2013. “Discriminative Newspaper Discourse: A Content Analysis on Delegitimation of Mainland Non-Citizen Pregnant Women in Hong Kong”. International Conference on Hong Kong and Macao in the Development of Contemporary China Guangzhou, China.
Zhong, Hua and King-Wa Lee. June 2014. “Poverty, Inequality, and Crime in Hong Kong: a Spatio-temporal Analysis Using GIS and Its Implications for Future Policing.” Presented at the 6th annual meeting of Asian Criminological Society, Osaka, Japan.
Zhong, Hua and Xi Chen. Oct 2014. “Migration, Strain, and Substance Use among Migrant Adolescents in Guangzhou.” Presented at the Conference on Comparative Studies on the Migration of Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta, Shanghai, China.
Zhong, Hua and Hong Meng. June 2015. “Deterrence, Life Course, or Recreational Drug Use? Exploring the Transitions of Cross-Border Drug Use in Hong Kong and Shenzhen.” Asian Criminological Society 7th Annual Conference, Hong Kong.
Zhong, Hua. September 2015. “Social Exclusion, Routine Activities, and Social Disorganization: A Multi-Level Analysis of Victimization among Chinese Rural-to-Urban migrants”. Paper presented in the 15th Annual Conference of the European Society of Criminology, Porto.
Zhong, Hua, Tianji Cai and Xi Chen. Nov 2015. “Genes, Environment and Drug Abuse studies in Chinese Societies: Current Situations and Future Directions.” International Conference on Drug Abuse Prevention and Treatment in Asia 2015, Macau.
Yunran, Zhang, Zhong, Hua and Junxiu Wang. June 2016. “Perceived Social Justice, Trust in Government, and Perceived Safety in Urban China: the case of Guangzhou.” Paper presented in the 8th Annual Conference of Asian Criminological Society, Beijing, China.
Zhong, Hua and Xi Chen. Nov 2016. “Genes, Social Environment and Substance Abuse: A Study on Young Males in China.” Paper presented at the 72th Annual Conference of the American Society of Criminology in New Orleans, the United States.
Zhong, Hua. June 2017. “Social Development and Crime Trends: Cross-Cultural Comparisons.” Thematic Speech at the Annual Research Method Workshop of the Chinese Criminological Association in Beijing, China.
Zhong, Hua, Rui Yuan and Jianhua Xu. July 2017. “Social exclusion, risky routine activities and disorganized communities: an analysis of victimization among Chinese migrant workers.” Paper presented in the 9th Annual Conference of Asian Criminological Society, Cairns, Australia.
Zhong, Hua. July 2017. “Situations of cybercrime and the corresponding social responses in modern China: Learning from Western experiences.” Paper presented in the 5th International Conference on Cybercrime and Computer Forensics, Gold Coast, Australia.
Zhong, Hua. November 2017. “Cross-Border Drug Use in Hong Kong: Recent Patterns and Theoretical Explanations.” Paper presented in the Fifth Annual Meeting of Asian Association for Substance Abuse Research, Kunming, Yunnan, China.
Zhong, Hua, Nicole, Wai-ting Cheung & Yunran Zhang. Dec 2017. “Substance use and school bullying among left-behind Children in China: low self-control or influenced by delinquent peers?” 2017 Annual Conference of Hong Kong Sociological Association, Hong Kong.
Zhong, Hua & Kent King-wa Lee. May 2018. “”Monitoring Recent Changes of Cross-Border Drug Use and Their Implications for Prevention/Control Strategies”. Paper presented at the International Meeting on Empirical Studies of Criminal Justice, hosted by Faculty of Law at Peking University, Beijing, China.
Zhong, Hua, Rui Yuan and Jianhua Xu. June 2018. “A Multilevel Analysis of Victimization among Migrant Workers in China: Social Exclusion, Routine Activities and Social Disorganization.” Paper presented in the 16th International Symposium of the World Society of Victimology, Hong Kong.
Cai, Tianji, Hua Zhong, Li Du & Yanyu Xin. June 2018. “Cyber fraud and its prevention: an analysis from the perspective of the underground economy.” Paper presented in 3rd China-US Policing Studies Forum, Beijing, China.
Zhong, Hua, Nicole, Wai-ting Cheung & Yunran Zhang. June 2018. “School bullying and cyberbullying among rural children in China: weak social control or influenced by delinquent peers.” Paper presented in 10th Annual Conference of Asian Criminological Society, Penang, Malaysia.
Zhong, Hua. June 2018. “Social Development and Cybercrime in China: Evidence from Published Judgments.” Invited talk at the East China University of Political Science and Law, Shanghai, China.
Zhong, Hua, Tianji Cai and Li Du. Nov 2018. “Social Development and Cybercrime in China: Evidence from Published Judgments and Media Reports.” Paper presented in 74th Annual Meeting of American Society of Criminology, Atlanta, US.
Zhong, Hua and Tianji Cai. Dec 2018. “Social Development and Types of Violent Crime in China:
Cases from Two Provinces of Judgment Documents.” Paper presented in the 20th Annual Meeting of Hong Kong Sociological Association, Hong Kong.
Nicole, Wai-ting Cheung & Hua Zhong. Nov 2019. “Routine Activities, Social Strain and Juvenile Victimization in Rural China: Does Gender Matter?” Paper presented in 75th Annual Meeting of American Society of Criminology, San Francisco, US.
Zhong, Hua. Dec 2019. “Procedural Justice and Gender Equality: Mechanisms and Practices against Sexual Harassment in Higher Education Institutions of Hong Kong” Paper presented in the 5th Congress of the Asian Association of Women’s Studies, Seoul, Korea.
Courses
  • SOCI 2216/UGEC 2963 Social Problems in China
Administrative Duties

College Coordinator

  • New Asia College Department of Sociology

Member

  • Executive Committee Department of Sociology

Member

  • Undergraduate Studies Committee Department of Sociology

Member

  • Student Affairs Committee Department of Sociology

Member

  • Scholarships & Awards Committee Department of Sociology

Member

  • Panel of Sexual Harassment of CUHK

Member

  • Executive Committee Chinese Law Programme Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies

Member

  • Executive Committee Gender Research Centre Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies

Member

  • Environmental Committee New Asia College

China Study Concentration Coordinator & International Student Advisor

  • Undergraduate Studies Committee Department of Sociology
Community and Professional Service

Student Mentor

  • Email Mentoring Program of The American Society of Criminology

Founding Member

  • Asian Criminological Association